Article open access publication

Small‐angle X‐ray scattering as a useful supplementary technique to determine molecular masses of polyelectrolytes in solution

Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics, Wiley, ISSN 1099-0488

Volume 54, 19, 2016

DOI:10.1002/polb.24107, Dimensions: pub.1017414179, PMC: PMC5094539, PMID: 27840558,



  1. (1) Aarhus University, grid.7048.b, AU
  2. (2) University of Oslo, grid.5510.1
  3. (3) University of Oslo Department of Chemistry Blindern Oslo Norway







Determination of molecular masses of charged polymers is often nontrivial and most methods have their drawbacks. For polyelectrolytes, a new possibility for the determination of number-average molecular masses is represented by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) which allows fast determinations with a 10% accuracy. This is done by relating the mass to the position of a characteristic peak feature which arises in SAXS due to the local ordering caused by charge-repulsions between polyelectrolytes. Advantages of the technique are the simplicity of data analysis, the independency from polymer architecture, and the low sample and time consumption. The method was tested on polyelectrolytes of various structures and chemical compositions, and the results were compared with those obtained from more conventional techniques, such as asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation, gel permeation chromatography, and classical SAXS data analysis, showing that the accuracy of the suggested method is similar to that of the other techniques. © 2016 The Authors. Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2016, 54, 1913-1917.


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