Article

Improved growth performance in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss reared at high densities is linked to increased energy retention

Aquaculture, Elsevier, ISSN 0959-8030

Volume 442, 2015

DOI:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.02.035, Dimensions: pub.1024360832,

Authors

Höglund, Erik * (1) (2)

* Corresponding author

Affiliations

Organisations

  1. (1) Technical University of Denmark, grid.5170.3, DTU
  2. (2) University of Agder, grid.23048.3d

Countries

Denmark

Norway

Continents

Europe

Description

Behaviour has been suggested as an underlying factor influencing how rearing density affects growth performance in Salmonid fishes. At low densities there is an elevated intensity of aggressive interactions and the formation of dominance hierarchies. As density increases, it is commonly assumed that aggression decreases, as the cost and effort required to establish and maintain dominance hierarchies increase. The increased energy expenditure associated with aggressive interactions has been identified as one mechanism causing a reduced efficiency in feed utilisation and therefore decreased growth performance. Manipulating aggressive behaviour through density may have advantages from a practical perspective. In the present study the energetic expenditure of rainbow trout held at three densities, 25, 80 and 140kgm−3, were related to growth performance parameters. Measurements for growth performance and parameters of energetics were investigated at the three densities during a four week growth period. The results showed a significant increase in routine metabolism in fish reared at 25kgm−3 compared to groups reared at higher densities. The study concludes that in fish reared at density of 25kgm−3, a higher fraction of the dietary energy intake was used to fuel activity rather than growth, as evidenced by significantly higher routine metabolism, reduced feed utilisation efficiency and a tendency for lower growth performance compared to fish reared at the higher densities. These results indicate a bioenergetic advantage of crowding.

Funders

Research Categories

Main Subject Area

Sustainable Development Goals

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NORA University Profiles

Technical University of Denmark

Danish Open Access Indicator

2015: Blocked

Research area: Science & Technology

Danish Bibliometrics Indicator

2015: Level 2

Research area: Science & Technology

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Times Cited: 7

Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 1.39