A simple laminated paper-based sensor for temperature sensing and imaging

Sensors and Actuators B Chemical, Elsevier, ISSN 0925-4005

Volume 210, 2015

DOI:10.1016/j.snb.2014.12.102, Dimensions: pub.1032375687,


Koren, Klaus * (1)
Kühl, Michael (1) (2) (3)

* Corresponding author



  1. (1) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
  2. (2) Nanyang Technological University, grid.59025.3b
  3. (3) University of Technology Sydney, grid.117476.2


We describe a low cost optical temperature sensor that is simple to manufacture. The sensor is constructed by simple soaking of paper in a solution of the temperature sensitive luminescent indicator Ru(phen)3 and subsequent lamination of the dried paper. Lamination prevents O2 diffusion to the indicator and thus eliminates O2 cross-sensitivity. The temperature sensitivity was up to −2% change in luminescence lifetime per K, a t90 response time of 10s. Besides luminescence lifetime based measurements, the sensor is well suited for ratiometric imaging with simple RGB cameras, where the temperature dependent red luminescence can be referenced by the blue luminescence of the optical brightener in the paper.


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