Article open access publication

Retromer Contributes to Immunity-Associated Cell Death in Arabidopsis

The Plant Cell, American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB), ISSN 1532-298X

Volume 27, 2, 2015

DOI:10.1105/tpc.114.132043, Dimensions: pub.1041396105, PMC: PMC4456924, PMID: 25681156,



  1. (1) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
  2. (2) Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, grid.6341.0
  3. (3) University of North Carolina System, grid.410711.2
  4. (4) Kyoto University, grid.258799.8


Membrane trafficking is required during plant immune responses, but its contribution to the hypersensitive response (HR), a form of programmed cell death (PCD) associated with effector-triggered immunity, is not well understood. HR is induced by nucleotide binding-leucine-rich repeat (NB-LRR) immune receptors and can involve vacuole-mediated processes, including autophagy. We previously isolated lazarus (laz) suppressors of autoimmunity-triggered PCD in the Arabidopsis thaliana mutant accelerated cell death11 (acd11) and demonstrated that the cell death phenotype is due to ectopic activation of the LAZ5 NB-LRR. We report here that laz4 is mutated in one of three VACUOLAR PROTEIN SORTING35 (VPS35) genes. We verify that LAZ4/VPS35B is part of the retromer complex, which functions in endosomal protein sorting and vacuolar trafficking. We show that VPS35B acts in an endosomal trafficking pathway and plays a role in LAZ5-dependent acd11 cell death. Furthermore, we find that VPS35 homologs contribute to certain forms of NB-LRR protein-mediated autoimmunity as well as pathogen-triggered HR. Finally, we demonstrate that retromer deficiency causes defects in late endocytic/lytic compartments and impairs autophagy-associated vacuolar processes. Our findings indicate important roles of retromer-mediated trafficking during the HR; these may include endosomal sorting of immune components and targeting of vacuolar cargo.


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Times Cited: 41

Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 5.91

Relative Citation ratio (RCR): 1.7

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