Article open access publication

Can Exercise Increase Fitness and Reduce Weight in Patients with Schizophrenia and Depression?

Frontiers in Psychiatry, Frontiers, ISSN 1664-0640

Volume 5, 2014

DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2014.00089, Dimensions: pub.1045076511, PMC: PMC4112783, PMID: 25120495,

Affiliations

Organisations

  1. (1) Herlev Hospital, grid.411900.d, Capital Region
  2. (2) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
  3. (3) Aarhus University Hospital, grid.154185.c, Central Denmark Region
  4. (4) Roskilde University, grid.11702.35, RUC

Countries

Denmark

Continents

Europe

Description

BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients have a reduced life expectancy of 15-20 years compared with the general population. Most years of lost life are due to the excess mortality from somatic diseases. Sedentary lifestyle and medication is partly responsible for the high frequency of metabolic syndrome in this patient group and low levels of physical activity is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and all-cause mortality. This study aimed to review trials allocating patients with either schizophrenia or depression to exercise interventions for effect on cardiovascular fitness, strength, and weight. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO including randomized clinical trial allocating patients with either schizophrenia or depression to isolated exercise interventions. RESULTS: We identified five trials including patients with schizophrenia (n = 94) and found little evidence that exercise could increase cardiovascular fitness or decrease weight. Nine exercise trials for patients with depression (n = 892) were identified increasing cardiovascular fitness by 11-30% and strength by 33-37%. No evidence in favor of exercise for weight reduction was found. CONCLUSION: Based on the current evidence isolated exercise interventions are unlikely to improve cardiovascular fitness or induce weight loss in patients with schizophrenia. In patients with depression, exercise interventions are likely to induce clinically relevant short term effects, however, due to lack of reporting, little is known about the effect on weight reduction and cardiovascular fitness. Future exercise trials regarding patients with mental illness should preferably measure changes in cardiovascular strength, repetition maximum, and anthropometric outcomes. Ideally, participants should be assessed beyond the intervention to identify long lasting effects.

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NORA University Profiles

University of Copenhagen

Roskilde University

Aarhus University

Dimensions Citation Indicators

Times Cited: 24

Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 6.73

Relative Citation ratio (RCR): 1.41

Open Access Info

Pure Gold