PURPOSE: To investigate the in vitro release and degradation of desmopressin from saturated triglyceride microparticles under both lipolytic and proteolytic conditions. METHODS: The release of desmopressin from different solid lipid microparticles in the absence and presence of a microbial lipase and protease was determined. Trilaurin (TG12), trimyristin (TG14), tripalmitin (TG16), and tristearin (TG18) were used as lipid excipients to produce solid lipid microparticles. RESULTS: In the presence of lipase, the rate of drug release from different lipid particles was in the order of TG14 > TG16 > TG18, which is the same rank order as the lipid degradation rate. A reverse rank order was found for the protection of desmopressin from enzymatic degradation due to spatial separation of desmopressin from the protease. TG12 accelerated the release of desmopressin from all lipid particles when added as either drug-free microparticles to the lipolysis medium or incorporated in TG16 particles. Additionally, TG12 particles protected desmopressin from degradation when present in the lipolysis medium with the other lipid microparticles. CONCLUSIONS: TG12 is a very interesting lipid for oral lipid formulations containing peptides and proteins as it alters release and degradation of the incorporated desmopressin. The present study demonstrates the possibility of bio-relevant in vitro evaluation of lipid-based solid particles.