Survival of Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM® and Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 encapsulated in chocolate during in vitro simulated passage of the upper gastrointestinal tract

LWT, Elsevier, ISSN 1096-1127

Volume 74, 2016

DOI:10.1016/j.lwt.2016.07.053, Dimensions: pub.1052998602,



  1. (1) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
  2. (2) Toms Confectionary Group A/S, Ballerup, Denmark
  3. (3) Department of Food Gastronomy and Food Hygiene, Warsaw University of Life Science - SGGW, Poland






Probiotic microorganisms are exposed to different types of stress both before and after consumption which strongly influences probiotic survival. Here the viability of 2 different probiotic bacteria incorporated in different types of chocolate was investigated during storage and passage of the upper gastro-intestinal tract using both a static and a dynamic gastric in vitro model. Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM® and Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 equalling a total concentration of 2 × 108, 2 × 109 and 2 × 1010 CFU/g chocolate were added to samples of milk chocolate, 57% and 72% dark chocolate, respectively. The probiotic strains tolerated the manufacturing process reasonable well with a reduction of 1.1–1.6 log CFU/g after one month of storage, and showed an excellent survivability during 14 months of storage, especially when kept at a constant temperature of 15 °C. In comparison with commercial dairy and juice based probiotic products, chocolate was an excellent carrier for probiotic delivery, because of very good survival of probiotics during simulated passage of the upper GI tract. The viability of B. lactis was slightly higher than Lb. acidophilus and survival rates were >6.5 log CFU/g in case of the static, and >7.0 log CFU/g, in case of the dynamic gastric model, with milk chocolate being the most protective carrier.

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