Article open access publication

Beam-induced and cosmic-ray backgrounds observed in the ATLAS detector during the LHC 2012 proton-proton running period

Journal of Instrumentation, IOP Publishing, ISSN 1748-0221

Volume 11, 05, 2016

DOI:10.1088/1748-0221/11/05/p05013, Dimensions: pub.1059171230,

Authors

Aad, G (1)
Aben, R. (6)
Abreu, H. (11)
Abreu, R. (12)
Acharya, B S (14) (15)
Adye, T. (20)
Aielli, G. (28) (29)
Alberghi, G.L. (32) (33)
Albert, J (34)
Aleksa, M. (37)
Alexa, C. (38)
Aliev, M (40) (41)
Alison, J. (43)
Aloisio, A. (46) (47)
Alonso, A. (48)
Alonso, F (36)
Alviggi, M.G. (46) (47)
Amako, K. (52)
Amidei, D. (55)
Amorim, A. (25) (57)
Amram, N. (10)
Ancu, L.S. (59)
Andari, N. (18)
Andeen, T. (60)
Anders, G. (37)
Andreazza, A. (42) (62)
Andrei, V. (61)
Anger, P. (64)
Anjos, N. (66)
Annovi, A. (67) (68)
Antos, J. (71)
Anulli, F. (72)
Aoki, M. (52)
Arai, Y. (52)
Arik, M. (75)
Arnaez, O. (37)
Arnold, H. (77)
Arslan, O. (79)
Artoni, G (81)
Artz, S. (82)
Asai, S. (83)
Asbah, N. (84)
Åsman, B. (13)
Avolio, G. (37)
Axen, B (51)
Baak, M.A. (37)
Baas, A.E. (61)
Baca, M.J. (45)
Bachas, K. (40) (41)
Backes, M. (37)
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Bagnaia, P (72) (90)
Bai, Y. (91)
Balek, P. (93)
Balli, F (89)
Banas, E. (96)
Barak, L. (37)
Barberis, D (100) (101)
Barklow, T. (103)
Barlow, N. (78)
Barnes, S.L. (104)
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Muiño, P. Conde (25) (57)
Conta, C (174) (175)
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Cooper, B.D. (121)
Corradi, M (72) (90)
Cortiana, G. (102)
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Cowan, G. (127)
Cox, B.E. (104)
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Crawley, S J (110)
Cree, G. (122)
Crescioli, F (113)
Croft, V (157)
Crosetti, G. (151) (152)
Cúth, J. (82)
Cuthbert, C. (130)
Czirr, H. (87)
D'Auria, S. (110)
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Dao, V. (77)
Darbo, G. (100)
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Davey, W (79)
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Davidek, T (93)
Davies, M. (10)
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Dawe, E. (99)
Dawson, I. (58)
De, K. (141)
De Castro, S (32) (33)
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De Groot, N (157)
Debbe, R. (17)
Del Peso, J. (107)
Del Prete, T (67) (68)
Deliot, F. (89)
Dell'Orso, M. (67) (68)
Demarco, D A (111)
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Demilly, A (113)
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Djama, F. (1)
Djobava, T D (178)
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Dobre, M. (38)
Dohmae, T (83)
Donati, S. (67) (68)
Dondero, P (174) (175)
Donini, J (140)
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Doyle, A.T. (110)
Dris, M. (39)
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Franklin, M (163)
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Fraternali, M (174) (175)
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Liu, J. (1)
Liu, J.B. (186)
Liu, K. (1)
Liu, L. (86)
Liu, M. (186)
Liu, Y.L. (186)
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Livan, M. (174) (175)
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Sterzo, F Lo (199)
Loch, P. (168)
Loew, K.M. (54)
Lohse, T. (129)
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Long, R.E. (108)
Longo, L. (40) (41)
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Lorenz, J. (19)
Losada, M. (210)
Lou, X. (91)
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Ma, H. (17)
Ma, L.L. (181)
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Madsen, A (84)
Maeda, J. (166)
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Maier, A.A. (102)
Maier, T. (19)
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Milesi, M. (99)
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Milov, A (143)
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Mir, L.M. (66)
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Ratti, M G (42) (62)
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Zurzolo, G (46) (47)

Affiliations

Organisations

  1. (1) Center for Particle Physics of Marseilles, grid.470046.1
  2. (2) University of Oklahoma, grid.266900.b
  3. (3) University of Iowa, grid.214572.7
  4. (4) Institute of Physics, grid.435347.2
  5. (5) Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire, grid.462450.1
  6. (6) National Institute for Subatomic Physics, grid.420012.5
  7. (7) Michigan State University, grid.17088.36
  8. (8) University of California, Santa Cruz, grid.205975.c
  9. (9) University of Sussex, grid.12082.39
  10. (10) Tel Aviv University, grid.12136.37
  11. (11) Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, grid.6451.6
  12. (12) University of Oregon, grid.170202.6
  13. (13) Stockholm University, grid.10548.38
  14. (14) International Centre for Theoretical Physics, grid.419330.c
  15. (15) INFN Sezione di Trieste, grid.470223.0
  16. (16) AGH University of Science and Technology, grid.9922.0
  17. (17) Brookhaven National Laboratory, grid.202665.5
  18. (18) Northern Illinois University, grid.261128.e
  19. (19) Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, grid.5252.0
  20. (20) Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, grid.76978.37
  21. (21) University of Liverpool, grid.10025.36
  22. (22) University of Belgrade, grid.7149.b
  23. (23) University of Göttingen, grid.7450.6
  24. (24) University of Granada, grid.4489.1
  25. (25) Laboratory of Instrumentation and Experimental Particles Physics, grid.420929.4
  26. (26) Boston University, grid.189504.1
  27. (27) Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, grid.33762.33
  28. (28) INFN Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata
  29. (29) University of Rome Tor Vergata, grid.6530.0
  30. (30) Lund University, grid.4514.4
  31. (31) P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, grid.425806.d
  32. (32) INFN Sezione di Bologna, grid.470193.8
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  34. (34) University of Victoria, grid.143640.4
  35. (35) Laboratory of Subatomic Physics and Cosmology, grid.472561.3
  36. (36) Instituto de Física La Plata, grid.450288.3
  37. (37) European Organization for Nuclear Research, grid.9132.9
  38. (38) Horia Hulubei National Institute for R and D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering, grid.443874.8
  39. (39) National Technical University of Athens, grid.4241.3
  40. (40) INFN Sezione di Lecce, grid.470680.d
  41. (41) University of Salento, grid.9906.6
  42. (42) INFN Sezione di Milano, grid.470206.7
  43. (43) Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago IL, United States of America
  44. (44) Columbia University, grid.21729.3f
  45. (45) University of Birmingham, grid.6572.6
  46. (46) INFN Sezione di Napoli, grid.470211.1
  47. (47) University of Naples Federico II, grid.4691.a
  48. (48) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
  49. (49) Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle WA, United States of America
  50. (50) Institute for Corpuscular Physics, grid.470047.0
  51. (51) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, grid.184769.5
  52. (52) High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, grid.410794.f
  53. (53) Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, grid.8536.8
  54. (54) Brandeis University, grid.253264.4
  55. (55) University of Michigan, grid.214458.e
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  57. (57) University of Lisbon, grid.9983.b
  58. (58) University of Sheffield, grid.11835.3e
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  61. (61) Heidelberg University, grid.7700.0
  62. (62) University of Milan, grid.4708.b
  63. (63) National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, grid.5216.0
  64. (64) TU Dresden, grid.4488.0
  65. (65) Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, grid.418495.5
  66. (66) Institut de Física d'Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Barcelona, Spain
  67. (67) INFN Sezione di Pisa, grid.470216.6
  68. (68) University of Pisa, grid.5395.a
  69. (69) National Laboratory of Frascati, grid.463190.9
  70. (70) Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, grid.183446.c
  71. (71) Institute of Experimental Physics, grid.435184.f
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  82. (82) Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, grid.5802.f
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  84. (84) DESY, grid.7683.a
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  89. (89) Institut de Recherche sur les Lois Fondamentales de l'Univers, grid.457342.3
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  91. (91) Institute of High Energy Physics, grid.418741.f
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  102. (102) Max Planck Institute for Physics, grid.435824.c
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  104. (104) University of Manchester, grid.5379.8
  105. (105) Laboratoire d'Annecy-le-Vieux de physique des particules, grid.450330.1
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  109. (109) Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, grid.430219.d
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  112. (112) The Ohio State University, grid.261331.4
  113. (113) Laboratoire Physique nucléaire et Hautes Energies, grid.463935.e
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  115. (115) University of Bern, grid.5734.5
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  117. (117) New York University, grid.137628.9
  118. (118) Bahçeşehir University, grid.10359.3e
  119. (119) Gaziantep University, grid.411549.c
  120. (120) McGill University, grid.14709.3b
  121. (121) University College London, grid.83440.3b
  122. (122) Department of Physics, Carleton University, Ottawa ON, Canada
  123. (123) Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst MA, United States of America
  124. (124) University of Hassan II Casablanca, grid.412148.a
  125. (125) York University, grid.21100.32
  126. (126) Uppsala University, grid.8993.b
  127. (127) Royal Holloway University of London, grid.4970.a
  128. (128) University of Pittsburgh, grid.21925.3d
  129. (129) Humboldt University of Berlin, grid.7468.d
  130. (130) University of Sydney, grid.1013.3
  131. (131) Argonne National Laboratory, grid.187073.a
  132. (132) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, grid.7870.8
  133. (133) University of Udine, grid.5390.f
  134. (134) Institute for High Energy Physics, grid.424823.b
  135. (135) University of Hong Kong, grid.194645.b
  136. (136) Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, grid.24515.37
  137. (137) Chinese University of Hong Kong, grid.10784.3a
  138. (138) University of Buenos Aires, grid.7345.5
  139. (139) University at Albany, State University of New York, grid.265850.c
  140. (140) Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire, grid.470921.9
  141. (141) The University of Texas at Arlington, grid.267315.4
  142. (142) Tokyo Metropolitan University, grid.265074.2
  143. (143) Weizmann Institute of Science, grid.13992.30
  144. (144) University of Edinburgh, grid.4305.2
  145. (145) Federico Santa María Technical University, grid.12148.3e
  146. (146) University of Bergen, grid.7914.b
  147. (147) Simon Fraser University, grid.61971.38
  148. (148) University of Oslo, grid.5510.1
  149. (149) TU Dortmund University, grid.5675.1
  150. (150) University of Alberta, grid.17089.37
  151. (151) INFN Gruppo Collegato di Cosenza, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati
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  153. (153) Ankara University, grid.7256.6
  154. (154) TRIUMF, Vancouver BC
  155. (155) Shanghai Jiao Tong University, grid.16821.3c
  156. (156) Southern Methodist University, grid.263864.d
  157. (157) Radboud University Nijmegen, grid.5590.9
  158. (158) University of California, Irvine, grid.266093.8
  159. (159) University of Cape Town, grid.7836.a
  160. (160) Roma Tre University, grid.8509.4
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  162. (162) Istanbul Bilgi University, grid.24956.3c
  163. (163) Harvard University, grid.38142.3c
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  166. (166) Kobe University, grid.31432.37
  167. (167) Mohammed V University, grid.31143.34
  168. (168) University of Arizona, grid.134563.6
  169. (169) Department of Physics, Indiana University, Bloomington IN, United States of America
  170. (170) Institute of Physics, grid.424881.3
  171. (171) Palacký University, Olomouc, grid.10979.36
  172. (172) University of Ljubljana, grid.8954.0
  173. (173) University of Johannesburg, grid.412988.e
  174. (174) INFN Sezione di Pavia, grid.470213.3
  175. (175) University of Pavia, grid.8982.b
  176. (176) University of British Columbia, grid.17091.3e
  177. (177) Mohamed I University, grid.410890.4
  178. (178) Tbilisi State University, grid.26193.3f
  179. (179) Federal University of São João del-Rei, grid.428481.3
  180. (180) University of Sao Paulo, grid.11899.38
  181. (181) Shandong University, grid.27255.37
  182. (182) University of Giessen, grid.8664.c
  183. (183) Cadi Ayyad University, grid.411840.8
  184. (184) Osaka University, grid.136593.b
  185. (185) Nagasaki Institute of Applied Science, grid.444367.6
  186. (186) University of Science and Technology of China, grid.59053.3a
  187. (187) National Centre for Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology, grid.450269.c
  188. (188) Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, grid.4793.9
  189. (189) Lomonosov Moscow State University, grid.14476.30
  190. (190) University of New Mexico, grid.266832.b
  191. (191) Louisiana Tech University, grid.259237.8
  192. (192) Alikhanyan National Laboratory, grid.48507.3e
  193. (193) Oklahoma State University, grid.65519.3e
  194. (194) University of Tsukuba, grid.20515.33
  195. (195) BI Stepanov Institute of Physics, grid.426545.4
  196. (196) Shinshu University, grid.263518.b
  197. (197) Tokyo Institute of Technology, grid.32197.3e
  198. (198) Nagoya University, grid.27476.30
  199. (199) Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, grid.482252.b
  200. (200) Belarusian State University, grid.17678.3f
  201. (201) University of the Witwatersrand, grid.11951.3d
  202. (202) Waseda University, grid.5290.e
  203. (203) Kyoto University, grid.258799.8
  204. (204) The University of Texas at Dallas, grid.267323.1
  205. (205) University of Adelaide, grid.1010.0
  206. (206) University of Innsbruck, grid.5771.4
  207. (207) Kyushu University, grid.177174.3
  208. (208) Istanbul Aydın University, grid.449300.a
  209. (209) University of Würzburg, grid.8379.5
  210. (210) Universidad Antonio Nariño, grid.440783.c
  211. (211) Royal Institute of Technology, grid.5037.1
  212. (212) Hampton University, grid.256774.5
  213. (213) Hiroshima Institute of Technology, grid.417545.6
  214. (214) Okayama University, grid.261356.5
  215. (215) University of Minho, grid.10328.38
  216. (216) Jagiellonian University, grid.5522.0
  217. (217) National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, grid.435410.7
  218. (218) Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules, grid.433124.3
  219. (219) TOBB University of Economics and Technology, grid.412749.d
  220. (220) Kyoto University of Education, grid.411219.e
  221. (221) Nanjing University, grid.41156.37

Description

This paper discusses various observations on beam-induced and cosmic-ray backgrounds in the ATLAS detector during the LHC 2012 proton-proton run. Building on published results based on 2011 data, the correlations between background and residual pressure of the beam vacuum are revisited. Ghost charge evolution over 2012 and its role for backgrounds are evaluated. New methods to monitor ghost charge with beam-gas rates are presented and observations of LHC abort gap population by ghost charge are discussed in detail. Fake jets from colliding bunches and from ghost charge are analysed with improved methods, showing that ghost charge in individual radio-frequency buckets of the LHC can be resolved. Some results of two short periods of dedicated cosmic-ray background data-taking are shown; in particular cosmic-ray muon induced fake jet rates are compared to Monte Carlo simulations and to the fake jet rates from beam background. A thorough analysis of a particular LHC fill, where abnormally high background was observed, is presented. Correlations between backgrounds and beam intensity losses in special fills with very high β* are studied.

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Times Cited: 7

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