Article open access publication

Northern Eurasia Future Initiative (NEFI): facing the challenges and pathways of global change in the twenty-first century

Progress in Earth and Planetary Science, Springer Nature, ISSN 2197-4284

Volume 4, 1, 2017

DOI:10.1186/s40645-017-0154-5, Dimensions: pub.1100091799,



  1. (1) Hydrology Science and Service Corporation, 920 Rockhold Drive, 28804, Asheville, NC, USA
  2. (2) NEESPI Project Scientist, NC State University Research Scholar, at at NOAA National Centers for Environment Information, Federal Building, 151 Patton Avenue, 28801, Asheville, NC, USA
  3. (3) Russian Academy of Sciences, grid.4886.2
  4. (4) University of Virginia, grid.27755.32
  5. (5) Marine Biological Laboratory, grid.144532.5
  6. (6) South Dakota State University, grid.263791.8
  7. (7) Sukachev Institute of Forest, SB RAS–Federal Research Center “Krasnoyarsk Science Center SB RAS”, 50/28 Akademgorodok, 660036, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
  8. (8) National Institute for Environmental Studies, grid.140139.e
  9. (9) Massachusetts Institute of Technology, grid.116068.8
  10. (10) National Aeronautics and Space Administration, grid.238252.c
  11. (11) Michigan State University, grid.17088.36
  12. (12) Kazan Federal University, grid.77268.3c
  13. (13) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
  14. (14) University of New Hampshire, grid.167436.1
  15. (15) University of Maryland, College Park, grid.164295.d
  16. (16) George Washington University, grid.253615.6
  17. (17) California Institute of Technology, grid.20861.3d
  18. (18) University of Michigan, grid.214458.e
  19. (19) Charles University, grid.4491.8
  20. (20) University of Reading, grid.9435.b
  21. (21) International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, grid.75276.31
  22. (22) State Hydrological Institute, grid.437896.7
  23. (23) Langley Research Center, grid.419086.2
  24. (24) University of Oklahoma, grid.266900.b
  25. (25) Russian Institute for Hydrometeorological Information, 6 Koroleva Street, 249020, Obninsk, Kaluga Area, Russia
  26. (26) Miami University, grid.259956.4
  27. (27) Michigan Tech Research Institute, 3600 Green Court, Suite 100, 48105, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
  28. (28) Purdue University West Lafayette, grid.169077.e
  29. (29) Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l’Environnement, grid.462864.a


During the past several decades, the Earth system has changed significantly, especially across Northern Eurasia. Changes in the socio-economic conditions of the larger countries in the region have also resulted in a variety of regional environmental changes that can have global consequences. The Northern Eurasia Future Initiative (NEFI) has been designed as an essential continuation of the Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative (NEESPI), which was launched in 2004. NEESPI sought to elucidate all aspects of ongoing environmental change, to inform societies and, thus, to better prepare societies for future developments. A key principle of NEFI is that these developments must now be secured through science-based strategies co-designed with regional decision-makers to lead their societies to prosperity in the face of environmental and institutional challenges. NEESPI scientific research, data, and models have created a solid knowledge base to support the NEFI program. This paper presents the NEFI research vision consensus based on that knowledge. It provides the reader with samples of recent accomplishments in regional studies and formulates new NEFI science questions. To address these questions, nine research foci are identified and their selections are briefly justified. These foci include warming of the Arctic; changing frequency, pattern, and intensity of extreme and inclement environmental conditions; retreat of the cryosphere; changes in terrestrial water cycles; changes in the biosphere; pressures on land use; changes in infrastructure; societal actions in response to environmental change; and quantification of Northern Eurasia’s role in the global Earth system. Powerful feedbacks between the Earth and human systems in Northern Eurasia (e.g., mega-fires, droughts, depletion of the cryosphere essential for water supply, retreat of sea ice) result from past and current human activities (e.g., large-scale water withdrawals, land use, and governance change) and potentially restrict or provide new opportunities for future human activities. Therefore, we propose that integrated assessment models are needed as the final stage of global change assessment. The overarching goal of this NEFI modeling effort will enable evaluation of economic decisions in response to changing environmental conditions and justification of mitigation and adaptation efforts.

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