3D reconstructions of a controlled bus bombing

Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging, Elsevier, ISSN 2212-4799

Volume 12, 2018

DOI:10.1016/j.jofri.2018.02.004, Dimensions: pub.1100859688,



  1. (1) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
  2. (2) Department of Radiology at Aarhus University Hospital, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard 99, DK-8200 Aarhus, Denmark






Objectives to demonstrate the usefulness of 3D reconstructions to better understand the dynamic of a controlled bus bombing. Materials and Methods 3D models of the victims (pigs) were created from post-mortem CT scanning using Mimic software; 3D models of the crime scene (bus) were generated by means of photogrammetry and modelling techniques, using Photomodeler and 3Ds max software applications. Combinations and visualizations of the scene before and after the explosion were created using 3Ds max. Results several 3D reconstructions of the scene before and after the explosion were re-created to better visualize the dynamic of the incident and the blast injuries. All the pigs suffered extensive blast injuries. The bomb pig and the green pig (adjacent to the detonation site) underwent traumatic amputation and destruction due to a combination of blast injuries. Primary blast injuries and secondary injuries were found in all the other pigs. Fractures both due to tertiary or combined blast injuries were found in all the pigs except the yellow one (far away from the detonation side). Three different “injury zones” could be identified based on the severity of the injuries of the pigs, as evaluated from autopsy and CT scanning. Conclusion 3D reconstructions give a clearer and more comprehensive view of the scene and the victims, allowing a better understanding of the entire scene. CT scanning has proved to be an important tool in evaluating blast injuries in dead victims.

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Danish Open Access Indicator

2018: Unused

Research area: Medicine

Danish Bibliometrics Indicator

2018: Level 1

Research area: Medicine

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Times Cited: 5

Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 4.15