Preprint open access publication

Research Infrastructures offer capacity to address scientific questions never attempted before: Are all taxa equal?

PeerJ Preprints, PeerJ, ISSN 2167-9843

2018

DOI:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26819, Dimensions: pub.1106223834,

Authors

Bank, Ruud (15)
Bock, Phil (23)
Bray, Rod (12)
Daly, Meg (37)
Gil, João (60)
Mees, Jan (4)
Mooi, Rich (103)
Musco, Luigi (107)
Ota, Yuzo (116)
Reip, Hans (18)
Rius, Marc (126)
Shenkar, Noa (135)
Sket, Boris (138)
Stoev, Pavel (142)
Tang, Danny (148)
Tasker, Mark (149)
Thomas, Jim (151)
Thuy, Ben (153)
Timi, Juan T (154)
Uetz, Peter (155)
Vos, Chris (160)
Watling, Les (162)

Affiliations

Organisations

  1. (1) Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, grid.410335.0
  2. (2) Plymouth Marine Laboratory, grid.22319.3b
  3. (3) Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas, grid.4834.b
  4. (4) Flanders Marine Institute, grid.426539.f
  5. (5) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, UNESCO, Ostend, Belgium
  6. (6) Queensland Museum, grid.452644.5
  7. (7) Ghent University, grid.5342.0
  8. (8) Chungnam National University, grid.254230.2
  9. (9) Australian Museum, grid.438303.f
  10. (10) Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria
  11. (11) University of Southern Mississippi, grid.267193.8
  12. (12) Natural History Museum, grid.35937.3b
  13. (13) Hasselt University, grid.12155.32
  14. (14) Oregon State University, grid.4391.f
  15. (15) University of Groningen, grid.4830.f
  16. (16) British Myriapod and Isopod Group, Ivybridge, Devon, UK
  17. (17) University of Sao Paulo, grid.11899.38
  18. (18) Senckenberg Nature Research Society, grid.438154.f
  19. (19) Délégation Provence et Corse, grid.428531.9
  20. (20) San Diego State University, grid.263081.e
  21. (21) Field Museum of Natural History, grid.299784.9
  22. (22) Department of Invertebrate Zoology & Hydrobiology, University ofLodz, Lodz, Poland
  23. (23) Museums Victoria, grid.436717.0
  24. (24) Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel, Germany
  25. (25) National Museum of Natural History, grid.410350.3
  26. (26) American Museum of Natural History, grid.241963.b
  27. (27) Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, grid.411233.6
  28. (28) Smithsonian Institution, grid.1214.6
  29. (29) Uppsala University, grid.8993.b
  30. (30) Academia Sinica, grid.28665.3f
  31. (31) National Taiwan Ocean University, grid.260664.0
  32. (32) University of California, San Diego, grid.266100.3
  33. (33) University of Wyoming, grid.135963.b
  34. (34) Federal University of Pernambuco, grid.411227.3
  35. (35) Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, grid.10894.34
  36. (36) George Washington University, grid.253615.6
  37. (37) The Ohio State University, grid.261331.4
  38. (38) University of Helsinki, grid.7737.4
  39. (39) Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, grid.412043.0
  40. (40) Belgian National Committee on Antarctic Research, Belgian Academies of Sciences, Brussels, Belgium
  41. (41) Naturalis Biodiversity Center, grid.425948.6
  42. (42) Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, grid.5252.0
  43. (43) Howard University, grid.257127.4
  44. (44) Australian National University, grid.1001.0
  45. (45) Russian Academy of Sciences, grid.4886.2
  46. (46) University of Salzburg, grid.7039.d
  47. (47) University of California, Davis, grid.27860.3b
  48. (48) Editorial Board, WoRMS, Duivendrecht, Netherlands
  49. (49) The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, grid.449717.8
  50. (50) Federal University of Sao Paulo, grid.411249.b
  51. (51) University of Otago, grid.29980.3a
  52. (52) University of Cambridge, grid.5335.0
  53. (53) Osaka University, grid.136593.b
  54. (54) Hydrozoan Research Laboratory, Tourves, France
  55. (55) University of Santiago de Compostela, grid.11794.3a
  56. (56) University of Dubrovnik, grid.445423.0
  57. (57) El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, grid.466631.0
  58. (58) Faculty of Life Sciences,Vienna Ecology Center, Department of Limnology and Oceanography, University ofVienna, Vienna, Austria
  59. (59) University of Alaska Anchorage, grid.265894.4
  60. (60) Spanish National Research Council, grid.4711.3
  61. (61) Museum and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, Darwin, Australia
  62. (62) University of Malaga, grid.10215.37
  63. (63) Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia Mazatlán, Universidad Nacional Autonoma deMexico, Mexico, Mexico
  64. (64) National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, grid.419676.b
  65. (65) Deptartment of Invertebrate Zoology & Hydrobiology, University ofLodz, Lodz, Poland
  66. (66) University of Salento, grid.9906.6
  67. (67) University of Seville, grid.9224.d
  68. (68) University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, grid.7548.e
  69. (69) Biology Department, University ofGhent, Ghent, Belgium
  70. (70) North-West University, grid.25881.36
  71. (71) Canadian Museum of Nature, grid.450544.4
  72. (72) University of Alcalá, grid.7159.a
  73. (73) California State University, Long Beach, grid.213902.b
  74. (74) Biological Institute, Department of Cell Biology and Comparative Zoology, University ofCopenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
  75. (75) Swedish Museum of Natural History, grid.425591.e
  76. (76) Editorial Board, WoRMS, Portland, OR, USA
  77. (77) National Oceanography Centre, Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
  78. (78) Comenius University, grid.7634.6
  79. (79) Instituto Butantan, grid.418514.d
  80. (80) Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, grid.410588.0
  81. (81) Lomonosov Moscow State University, grid.14476.30
  82. (82) University of Hamburg, grid.9026.d
  83. (83) Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies, grid.466857.e
  84. (84) Zoological Institute and Zoological Museum, University ofHamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  85. (85) Dankook University, grid.411982.7
  86. (86) South Australian Museum, grid.437963.c
  87. (87) Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, grid.8536.8
  88. (88) Massey University, grid.148374.d
  89. (89) Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany
  90. (90) Institute of Oceanology. PP Shirshov Russian Academy of Sciences, grid.426292.9
  91. (91) Zoological Museum, University ofCopenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
  92. (92) University of Bari Aldo Moro, grid.7644.1
  93. (93) Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, grid.56466.37
  94. (94) University of Łódź, grid.10789.37
  95. (95) University of Sassari, grid.11450.31
  96. (96) Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, grid.488640.6
  97. (97) Universiti Brunei Darussalam, grid.440600.6
  98. (98) Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, grid.20478.39
  99. (99) British Antarctic Survey, grid.478592.5
  100. (100) University of Tartu, grid.10939.32
  101. (101) Senckenberg am Meer, grid.500026.1
  102. (102) University of Washington, grid.34477.33
  103. (103) California Academy of Sciences, grid.242287.9
  104. (104) Federal University of Paraná, grid.20736.30
  105. (105) Texas A&M University, grid.264756.4
  106. (106) University of Florida, grid.15276.37
  107. (107) Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, grid.6401.3
  108. (108) University of Giessen, grid.8664.c
  109. (109) Naturhistorisches Museum der Burgergemeinde, Bern, Switzerland
  110. (110) National University of Singapore, grid.4280.e
  111. (111) Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, grid.267849.6
  112. (112) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
  113. (113) University of Hong Kong, grid.194645.b
  114. (114) Oak Ridge National Laboratory, grid.135519.a
  115. (115) Shimane University, grid.411621.1
  116. (116) University of the Ryukyus, grid.267625.2
  117. (117) Claude Bernard University Lyon 1, grid.7849.2
  118. (118) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, grid.3532.7
  119. (119) Muzeul National de Istorie Naturala Grigore Antipa, Bucharest, Romania
  120. (120) National Museums Northern Ireland, grid.499442.6
  121. (121) Agnes Scott College, grid.251844.e
  122. (122) Institute of Paleobiology, grid.460426.2
  123. (123) Bernice P. Bishop Museum, grid.299573.3
  124. (124) Texas A&M University – Corpus Christi, grid.264759.b
  125. (125) Spanish Institute of Oceanography, grid.410389.7
  126. (126) National Oceanography Centre, School of Ocean & Earth Science, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
  127. (127) University of the Basque Country, grid.11480.3c
  128. (128) Faculty of Biology Institute of Zoology, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
  129. (129) University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, grid.412970.9
  130. (130) University of Western Australia, grid.1012.2
  131. (131) Centro Universitário de Volta Redonda, grid.440549.8
  132. (132) Acharya Nagarjuna University, grid.411114.0
  133. (133) Charles Sturt University, grid.1037.5
  134. (134) The University of Texas at San Antonio, grid.215352.2
  135. (135) Tel Aviv University, grid.12136.37
  136. (136) University of Stirling, grid.11918.30
  137. (137) Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, grid.11081.39
  138. (138) University of Ljubljana, grid.8954.0
  139. (139) Bavarian State Collection of Zoology, grid.452282.b
  140. (140) Sao Paulo State University, grid.410543.7
  141. (141) Flemish Government, grid.453158.e
  142. (142) National Museum of Natural History, grid.436381.b
  143. (143) Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, grid.6341.0
  144. (144) University of Maine, grid.21106.34
  145. (145) National Research Council, grid.5326.2
  146. (146) Kagoshima University, grid.258333.c
  147. (147) University of Bergen, grid.7914.b
  148. (148) Environmental Laboratory & Ocean Monitoring Division, Orange County Sanitation District, Fountain Valley, CA, USA
  149. (149) Joint Nature Conservation Committee, grid.435540.3
  150. (150) Editorial Board, WoRMS, Hilversum, Netherlands
  151. (151) Nova Southeastern University, grid.261241.2
  152. (152) The Evergreen State College, grid.264899.8
  153. (153) University of Göttingen, grid.7450.6
  154. (154) National University of Mar del Plata, grid.412221.6
  155. (155) Virginia Commonwealth University, grid.224260.0
  156. (156) University of Kharkiv, grid.18999.30
  157. (157) Finnish Museum of Natural History, University ofHelsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  158. (158) Eurofins Aquasense, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  159. (159) Federal University of Para, grid.271300.7
  160. (160) Merellaan 13, Scherpenheuvel, Belgium
  161. (161) University of Tasmania, grid.1009.8
  162. (162) University of Hawaii at Manoa, grid.410445.0
  163. (163) SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, grid.264257.0

Description

Research Infrastructures (RIs) are facilities, resources and services used by the scientific community to conduct research and foster innovation. LifeWatch ERIC has developed various virtual research environments, which include many virtual laboratories (vLabs) offering high computational capacity and comprehensive collaborative platforms that supporting the needs of digital biodiversity science. Over its 250 years of history, the taxonomic research community has developed a system for describing, classifying and naming taxa across multiple levels. For the marine biota, taxonomic information is organized and made publicly available through the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) that records more than 250,000 described valid species. Although scientists tend to assign an equal status (in terms of contribution to overall diversity) to each taxon used in taxonomy, biogeography, ecology and biodiversity, the question “ are all taxa equal? ” has never been tested at a global scale. We present evidence that this question can be addressed by applying relatedness indices (Taxonomic Distinctness) over the entire WoRMS metazoan tree. The RvLab, developed by the LifeWatchGreece RI, operating on a high-performance computer cluster, has been used to meet the high computational demands required for such an analysis at a global scale.

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Green, Published