- (1) Copenhagen Prostate Cancer Center, Department of Urology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
- (2) Department of Pathology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
- (3) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
This study aimed to investigate if combined analysis of pro-Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and ERG expression in tumor tissue are associated with biochemical failure (BF), castration-based treatment, castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and prostate cancer (PCa)-specific death for men undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) for PCa. This study included 315 patients, who underwent RP from 2002 to 2005. Both pro-NPY and ERG expression were analyzed using immunohistochemistry and were scored as low or high and negative or positive, respectively. Risk of BF, castration-based treatment, CRPC, and PCa-specific death were analyzed with multiple cause-specific Cox regression analyses and stratified cumulative incidences using competing risk assessment. Median follow-up was 13.0 years (95% CI: 12.7-13.2). In total, 85.7% were pro-NPY high and 14.3% were pro-NPY low. The combined analyses of pro-NPY and ERG expression was not associated with risk of BF (p = 0.7), castration-based treatment (p = 0.8), CRPC (p = 0.4) or PCa-specific death (p = 0.5). In the multiple cause-specific Cox regression analysis, pro-NPY high and ERG positivity was not associated with BF (HR: 1.02; 95% CI 0.6-1.7; p = 0.94). In conclusion the combination of pro-NPY and ERG expression did not show association with risk of BF, castration-based treatment, CRPC, and PCa-specific death following RP.