Preprint open access publication

The GBAF chromatin remodeling complex binds H3K27ac and mediates enhancer transcription

bioRxiv, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory,


DOI:10.1101/445148, Dimensions: pub.1107685055,



  1. (1) University of Bergen, grid.7914.b
  2. (2) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
  3. (3) Radboud University Nijmegen, grid.5590.9
  4. (4) University of Oslo, grid.5510.1








Abstract H3K27ac is associated with regulatory active enhancers, but its exact role in enhancer function remains elusive. Using mass spectrometry-based interaction proteomics, we identified the Super Elongation Complex (SEC) and GBAF, a non-canonical GLTSCR1L- and BRD9-containing SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, to be major interactors of H3K27ac. We systematically characterized the composition of GBAF and the conserved GLTSCR1/1L ‘GiBAF’-domain, which we found to be responsible for GBAF complex formation and GLTSCR1L nuclear localization. Inhibition of the bromodomain of BRD9 revealed interaction between GLTSCR1L and H3K27ac to be BRD9-dependent and led to GLTSCR1L dislocation from its preferred binding sites at H3K27ac-associated enhancers. GLTSCR1L disassociation from chromatin resulted in genome-wide downregulation of enhancer transcription while leaving most mRNA expression levels unchanged, except for reduced mRNA levels from loci topologically linked to affected enhancers. Our results indicate that GBAF is an enhancer-associated chromatin remodeler important for transcriptional and regulatory activity of enhancers. Graphical abstract


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