- (1) Brookhaven National Laboratory, grid.202665.5
- (2) Stony Brook University, grid.36425.36
- (3) National University of Singapore, grid.4280.e
- (4) Technical University of Denmark, grid.5170.3, DTU
The three-dimensional structure of nanoscale topological spin textures stabilized by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction is governed by the delicate competition between the exchange, demagnetization, and anisotropy energies. The quantification of such spin textures through direct experimental methods is crucial towards understanding the fundamental physics associated with their ordering, as well as their manipulation in spintronic devices. Here, we extend the Lorentz transmission electron microscopy technique to quantify mixed Bloch-Néel chiral spin textures stabilized by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in Co/Pd multilayers. Analysis of the observed intensities under varied imaging conditions coupled to corroborative micromagnetic simulations yields vital parameters that dictate the stability and properties of the complex spin texture, namely, the degree of mixed Bloch-Néel character, the domain wall width, the strength of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, and the exchange stiffness. This approach provides the necessary framework for the application of quantitative Lorentz phase microscopy to a broad array of topological spin systems.