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Group quenching and galactic conformity at low redshift



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  1. (1) Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille
  2. (2) Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory
  3. (3) School of Physics, Korea Institute for Advanced Study
  4. (4) Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, grid.435813.8
  5. (5) University of Oxford, grid.4991.5
  6. (6) Carnegie Observatories, grid.432988.c
  7. (7) Monash University, grid.1002.3
  8. (8) ESA/ESTEC SCI-S
  9. (9) University of Bonn, grid.10388.32
  10. (10) University of Hamburg, grid.9026.d
  11. (11) University of Copenhagen, grid.5254.6, KU
  12. (12) University of Sydney, grid.1013.3


We quantify the quenching impact of the group environment using the spectroscopic survey Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) to z=0.2. The fraction of red (quiescent) galaxies, whether in groups or isolated, increases with both stellar mass and large-scale (5 Mpc) density. At fixed stellar mass, the red fraction is on average higher for satellites of red centrals than of blue (star-forming) centrals, a galactic conformity effect that increases with density. Most of the signal originates from groups that have the highest stellar mass, reside in the densest environments, and have massive, red only centrals. Assuming a color-dependent halo-to-stellar-mass ratio, whereby red central galaxies inhabit significantly more massive halos than blue ones of the same stellar mass, two regimes emerge more distinctly: at log(Mhalo/Msol) < 13, central quenching is still ongoing, conformity is no longer existent, and satellites and group centrals exhibit the same quenching excess over field galaxies at all mass and density, in agreement with the concept of "group quenching"; at log(Mhalo/Msol) > 13, a cutoff that sets apart massive (log(M*/Msol) > 11), fully quenched group centrals, conformity is meaningless, and satellites undergo significantly more quenching than their counterparts in smaller halos. The latter effect strongly increases with density, giving rise to the density-dependent conformity signal when both regimes are mixed. The star-formation of blue satellites in massive halos is also suppressed compared to blue field galaxies, while blue group centrals and the majority of blue satellites, which reside in low mass halos, show no deviation from the color-stellar mass relation of blue field galaxies.

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