Article

A Phase II Open-Label, Multi-Center Study of Anti-CCR4 Monoclonal Antibody Mogamulizumab (KW-0761) in Patients with Previously Treated Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma(PTCL)

Blood, American Society of Hematology, ISSN 1528-0020

Volume 124, 21, 2014

DOI:10.1182/blood.v124.21.1763.1763, Dimensions: pub.1121634571,

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Organisations

  1. (1) University of Bologna, grid.6292.f
  2. (2) Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, grid.411430.3
  3. (3) University of Manchester, grid.5379.8
  4. (4) Complejo Hospitalario de Salamanca, grid.411258.b
  5. (5) Guys and St Thomas' and Kings College Hospitals, London, United Kingdom
  6. (6) VU University Medical Center, grid.16872.3a
  7. (7) Aarhus University Hospital, grid.154185.c, Central Denmark Region
  8. (8) Hôpitaux Universitaires Henri Mondor, grid.412116.1
  9. (9) Hôpital Saint-Louis, grid.413328.f
  10. (10) Catalan Institute of Oncology, grid.418701.b
  11. (11) Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre, grid.144756.5
  12. (12) University of Southampton, grid.5491.9
  13. (13) University Medical Center Groningen, grid.4494.d
  14. (14) Linden Oncology Limited, Edinburgh, Scotland
  15. (15) Kyowa Hakko Kirin Pharma, Inc, Princeton, NJ
  16. (16) Centre Hospitalier Regional et Universitaire de Lille, grid.410463.4

Description

Abstract Background CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) is the receptor for macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC/CCL22) and thymus activation-regulated chemokine (TARC/CCL17). CCR4 is expressed on tumour cells in approximately 30-65% of patients with PTCL (Ogura, 2014). PTCL-NOS patients who are CCR4 positive have been reported to have a poorer prognosis compared to CCR4 negative patients (Ishida T CCR 2004). Mogamulizumab (KW-0761) is a defucosylated, humanized, IgG1 Mab with enhanced antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity, that binds to CCR4. Mogamulizumab was evaluated in both phase 1 and 2 trials in Japanese patients. A phase II trial in PTCL and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) patients (Ogura, 2014) reported an overall response rate (ORR) of 35% in patients who relapsed after last systemic therapy (ORR was 34% in PTCL), leading to its approval in Japan in patients with previously treated CTCL and PTCL, in addition to its first indication, previously treated adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma. Here we report the preliminary results of a European phase II trial of mogamulizumab in patients with relapsed/refractory PTCL. Methods A multi-center phase II study of mogamulizumab monotherapy was conducted to determine efficacy, safety and immunogenicity in patients with CCR4+ PTCL. The primary endpoint was ORR and secondary endpoints included duration of response, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). At least 34 evaluable patients were needed to detect a significant improvement over 15% assuming 80% power and a 0.0240 alpha significance level (assumes 35% ORR for alternative). Patients received mogamulizumab once weekly for 4 weeks and subsequently once every 2 weeks until progressive disease (PD) or unacceptable toxicity at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg. Responses were assessed every 8 weeks according to IWG criteria (Cheson et al 2007). Results Based on a preliminary analysis of the data, a total of 38 patients received at least one administration of mogamulizumab and were evaluable for safety analysis; (Male/female 23/15 ;Median age 58.5 years (range 19-87)). Three patients are still ongoing in the study (1 complete response (CR) and 2 stable disease (SD)). ECOG performance status at baseline was 0 (32%); 1 (29%); 2 (39%) and 92% of patients had stage III (32%) or IV (61%) disease. The median number of prior treatments was 2 (range 1-8). Only 17 patients (49%) responded to the last treatment administered prior to study entry. The median number of mogamulizumab administrations was 6 (range 1-32). The majority of adverse events (AEs) were CTCAE grade 1-2. Skin rash related to drug was observed in 32% of patients (12/38) and related AEs > grade 3 occurred in 32% (12) of patients. Infusion related reactions occurred in 3 patients (2 were CTCAE grade 2 and 1 was grade 3). Thirty-five patients were evaluable for efficacy. The ORR rate was 11% and the stable disease rate was 34% with a SD or better rate of 46%. The response by histological subtype is specified in the table below. The median duration of response (including SD) is 2.9 months. The median PFS is 2.1 months. Two patients (ALCL-ALK-neg and PTCL-NOS) proceeded to allogeneic SCT. Although the ORR in this study was less than seen in the Japanese study, the PFS was comparable. There were differences in patient population/study conduct between the Japanese study and this study, respectively, which included: inclusion of only relapsed patients (100% vs 49%), ECOG PS 2 (0% vs 39%) and response assessments (after 4 and 8 weeks versus 8 weekly from week 8). Conclusions Based on preliminary data, mogamulizumab demonstrates a SD or better rate of 46% and an ORR of 11% with an acceptable safety profile in this phase II study of heavily pre-treated relapsed/refractory PTCL patients. TableBest Overall Response by Histological subtypeNo of subjectsCR/PR n (%)SDn (%)>SD n (%)PTCL-NOS152* (13%)6 (40%)8 (53%)AITL122 (17%)3 (25%)5 (42%)TMF301 (33%)1 (33%)ALCL-ALK neg402 (50%)2 (50%)ALCL-ALK pos1000Efficacy Evaluable Subjects354 (11%)12 (34%)16 (46%) *One patient had CR by CT scan but did not have bone marrow done for confirmation of CR Disclosures Zinzani: Sandoz: Consultancy; Celgene International Sàrl: Advisory Board, Advisory Board Other, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; MundiPharma International Ltd: Advisory Board, Advisory Board Other, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Pfizer Inc: Advisory Board Other, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited: Advisory Board Other, Honoraria, Speakers Bureau; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd: Advisory Board Other, Honoraria; GlaxoSmithKline: Advisory Board, Advisory Board Other, Honoraria; Gilead: Advisory Board, Advisory Board Other; Bayer AG: Advisory Board Other, Consultancy. d'Amore:CTI Life Sciences: Speakers Bureau; Mundipharma: Speakers Bureau; Takeda/Seattle Genetics : Speakers Bureau; Sanofi-Aventis: Research Funding; Amgen: Research Funding; Roche: Research Funding; Kyowa-Kirin: Advisory Board Other. Haioun:Roche: Honoraria; Celgene: Honoraria; Takeda: Honoraria; Pfizer: Honoraria; Janssen: Honoraria. Morschhauser:Genentech: Honoraria; Bayer: Honoraria; Spectrum: Honoraria; Mundipharma: Honoraria; Gilead: Honoraria.

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